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Yossi Tobol
 
''Wage discrimination as an illegal behavior''
( 2005, Vol. 10 No.4 )
 
 
Paying different wages to workers of equal productivity because of demographic groups to which they belong is illegal in the US and other Western countries. Yet, the vast economic literature on wage discrimination has entirely overlooked this fact when modeling the employer's discriminatory behavior. Consequently, the desirability of practicing wage discrimination, whether arising from differences in labor supply elasticities or from an inherent taste for discrimination, has never been confronted with the risk of getting caught and punished due to violating the equal pay law. Incorporating this risk into Joan Robinson''s (1969) discriminatory monopsony model and Gary Becker''s (1971) taste-for-discrimination model, this paper examines the effects that illegalizing wage discrimination may have on the wage differential under discriminatory monopsonistic and competitive conditions. The analysis unveils a sharp contrast in the effect of illegalization in the alternative settings.
 
 
Keywords: Illegal Behavior
JEL: J7 - Labor Discrimination: General
K4 - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior: General
 
Manuscript Received : Oct 10 2005 Manuscript Accepted : Nov 01 2005

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