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Bríd G Hanna, Daniel Hatch and Christopher Lominac
''Exposure to toxic pollution in new york state, 1998''
( 2009, Vol. 29 No.2 )
The purpose of our study is to estimate the relationship between a New York State census tract''s exposure to toxic industrial pollutants and various socioeconomic variables. Our measure of exposure takes into account not only the distance between each pollution source – census tract pair, but ours is the first such study to use a measure that also incorporates meteorological conditions, including wind direction, wind speed, and air temperature. The measure is based upon a model of air pollution dispersal, the Gaussian Plume Model (GPM). We find that urban areas with large African American, working-aged populations, and those with relatively high education levels but low incomes experience the greatest levels of exposure to industrial pollution.
Keywords: air pollution, pollution exposure, Gaussian Plume Model
JEL: Q5 - Environmental Economics: General
R1 - General Regional Economics (includes Regional Data)
Manuscript Received : Jan 26 2009 Manuscript Accepted : May 22 2009

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