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Matthew R Levy and Joshua Tasoff
 
''Misunderestimation: exponential-growth bias and time-varying returns''
( 2016, Vol. 36 No.1 )
 
 
Exponential-growth bias is the tendency to neglect the compounding of interest. The economics literature has used the fact that a biased agent in many circumstances will underestimate the value of assets that grow according to compound interest. We show that the opposite can also be true. It is always possible to make an agent who underestimates exponential growth to overestimate the value of an asset that grows exponentially. This paradoxical phenomenon arises when interest rates vary over time. This gives rise to the averaging effect of exponential-growth bias, which causes agents to perceive the mean return to exceed the true mean. Consequently, biased agents will strictly prefer assets with time-varying returns over equivalent constant-return assets. With sufficient variation in returns any biased agent will overestimate the true value of an asset for any time horizon.
 
 
Keywords: exponential-growth bias, compound interest, averaging effect, extrapolation effect
JEL:
D9 - Intertemporal Choice and Growth: General
 
Manuscript Received : Nov 06 2015 Manuscript Accepted : Feb 04 2016

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