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François Joseph Cabral
 
''Key drivers of NEET phenomenon among youth people in Senegal''
( 2018, Vol. 38 No.1 )
 
 
The purpose of this paper is to assess the phenomen of young people who are not in education, employment, or training (NEET), by identifying the key factors that drive the probability to belong to this category and explore targeting measures. In fact, due to the low rates of youth unemployment and the precariousness of their status in the labor market over the past years, an increasing interest for the analysis of this category of young people is growing in Senegal. A binomial model, based on the Poverty Monitoring Survey in Senegal (ESPS 2) is used to identify the key determinants of NEET status. The results show that the about 4 out of 10 young people belong to NEET group. The key factors which significantly affect the probability of a young person to belong to this group are: existence of a physical and mental disability, age and gender of the young person, gender and education status of the head of household, occupational and matrimonial status of the head of household, and household income. Howerver depending on the area of residence and gender sataus, determinants of the phenomenon can be different. As a result, it is important to introduce targeting mechanisms and some policies so as to reduce the ratio of NEET among the youth population.
 
 
Keywords: social protection, NEET, binomial model
JEL: O1 - Economic Development: General
J7 - Labor Discrimination: General
 
Manuscript Received : Aug 04 2017 Manuscript Accepted : Feb 09 2018

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