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Brandon Alan Bridge and Matías Fontenla
''Household-level effects of electricity on off-farm income''
( 2019, Vol. 39 No.1 )
This paper looks at the effect of energy poverty on income in Nicaragua. Energy poverty, defined as the absence of sufficient choice in accessing adequate, affordable, reliable, high-quality, safe and environmentally benign energy services to support economic and human development, can have wide-ranging impacts on human development and quality of life. Nicaragua is one of the least developed countries in Latin America, and has a high incidence of energy poverty. Almost 28% of households in Nicaragua have no access to electricity. Using Living Standards Measurement Survey panel data from 1998-99 and 2005, and propensity score matching quantile difference-in-difference techniques, this paper investigates energy poverty in Nicaragua and its impact on household off-farm income. We find large and significant effects of electricity on off-farm income.
Keywords: energy poverty, electricity, rural electrification, development, poverty, Nicaragua
JEL: O1 - Economic Development: General
Q4 - Energy: General
Manuscript Received : Nov 06 2017 Manuscript Accepted : Feb 18 2019

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