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Boris O. K. Lokonon and Aly A. Mbaye
''Implications of Climate-Related Factors on Living Standards: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa''
( 2019, Vol. 39 No.2 )
This paper investigates the effects of climate-related factors (rainfall, temperature, floods, and droughts) on living standards through human development and its dimensions (life expectancy at birth, mean and expected years of schooling) in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), a region characterized by lower economic and human development. The data used span from 1996 to 2015. The findings suggest that there is an inverted U-shape relationship between human development and rainfall in non-Sahel countries. Temperature influences positively human development in non-Sahel countries, while a U-shape effect is found for Sahel countries. Droughts affect positively human development in Sahel countries. For the life expectancy at birth, there is an inverted U-shape association with rainfall in SSA countries. Floods influence positively the life expectancy at birth in non-Sahel countries, and droughts affect it positively in Sahel countries. Moreover, the findings indicate that in Sahel countries rainfall and temperature have an inverted U-shape and a U-shape effect on the expected years of schooling, respectively. Furthermore, floods affect positively the expected years of schooling in Sahel countries.
Keywords: Climate, Climate change, Human development, Living standards, Sub-Saharan Africa
JEL: Q5 - Environmental Economics: General
I3 - Welfare and Poverty: General
Manuscript Received : Jul 12 2018 Manuscript Accepted : Jun 01 2019

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