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Xiaoshi Zhou and Wanglin Ma
''Does agricultural mechanization reduce vulnerable employment? Evidence from cross-country panel data''
( 2021, Vol. 41 No.2 )
Using cross-country panel data from the World Bank and an innovative unbalanced panel fractional response model, we show evidence that agricultural mechanization significantly reduces global vulnerable employment, and the vulnerable employment reduction effects of mechanization for women are larger than that for men. The findings underscore the importance of promoting agricultural mechanization to increase employment stability and mitigate gender gaps.
Keywords: Mechanization; Vulnerable employment; Gendered differences; Panel data
JEL: O1 - Economic Development: General
Q1 - Agriculture: General
Manuscript Received : Sep 07 2020 Manuscript Accepted : Apr 09 2021

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