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Mina Baliamoune-Lutz
''Does trade openness affect youth unemployment? New evidence from developing and emerging economies''
( 2023, Vol. 43 No.3 )
This paper provides an empirical assessment of the effects of trade openness on youth unemployment in 89 developing and emerging economies for the period from 1990 to 2018. Results from Fixed-effects and Arellano-Bond GMM estimations indicate that the impact of trade openness on youth unemployment is not uniform across countries and genders. Openness to trade does not seem to influence youth unemployment in sub-Saharan Africa and Asian countries. On the other hand, we find that trade openness unambiguously reduces female and male youth unemployment in Latin America and the Caribbean, while it reduces only male unemployment in the Middle East and North Africa.
Keywords: trade openness, youth unemployment, Latin America, MENA
JEL: E2 - Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment: General (includes Measurement and Data)
F4 - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: General
Manuscript Received : Apr 23 2023 Manuscript Accepted : Sep 30 2023

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