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Hideki Nishigaki
''Are the fiscal and monetary policies of the G-7 countries effective in decreasing the U.S. trade deficit?''
( 2008, Vol. 6 No.27 )
The U.S. trade deficit is a major concern for the G-7 countries. However, it is unclear whether their fiscal and monetary policies are effective in this regard. We examine the relationship between the U.S. trade balance and the G-7 countriesf policy variables by constructing an eight-dimensional version of the structural vector autoregression (SVAR) model. Our empirical results suggest that a reduction in the U.S. fiscal deficit is not such a reliable instrument for reducing the U.S. trade imbalance. Contrastingly, monetary tightening in the U.S. can reduce its trade deficit. Non-U.S. policy shocks are ineffective, while decline in the U.S. dollar plays an important role in reducing the U.S. trade deficit.
JEL: F3 - International Finance: General
Manuscript Received : May 22 2008 Manuscript Accepted : Jul 03 2008

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