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ralph lauren polo

Dossè M. Djahini-afawoubo
''Public spending on education in Togo: Does the poor benefit?''
( 2016, Vol. 36 No.4 )
This paper aims to analyze benefit incidence of public spending on education in Togo, using Benefit Incidence Analysis (BIA) approach. Unlike previous studies, a multidimensional approach of well-being is used. The results indicate that when we take into account the multidimensional nature of welfare, primary education spending becomes more pro poor, and tertiary education spending becomes more pro rich. Moreover, public spending on primary education is found to be highly progressive, while the tertiary education spending is rather regressive. We also find that gender inequalities increase as the level of education rises. These results implied that an effective strategy to reduce poverty can be reached through improving the access of the poorest to tertiary education. Strategies that can be adopted include grant scheme which will be based on merit and neediness. In implementing such grant scheme, gender and area of residence may be used as an utmost criterion.
Keywords: education, public spending, benefit incidence, welfare.
JEL: I2 - Education: General
I3 - Welfare and Poverty: General
Manuscript Received : Sep 25 2016 Manuscript Accepted : Nov 26 2016

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