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Bahar Ulupinar and Isa Camyar
''Election Uncertainty and Capital Structure''
( 2020, Vol. 40 No.1 )
Given different preference of political parties on macroeconomic issues, elections create a policy uncertainty. We hypothesize that election uncertainty increases cost of equity due to lower investor demand on equity issuances. Using U.S. elections from 1960 to 2010, we show that market leverage and probability to issue leverage are highest in the election year. On the other hand, when the election uncertainty resolves, firms experience a sharp decline in their leverage ratios. This finding suggests that firms rebalance and move their leverage ratios to target leverage. Our results are robust to definition of market and book leverage, S&P credit rating, marginal tax rates, and sub-period analysis.
JEL: G3 - Corporate Finance and Governance: General
Manuscript Received : Jun 29 2019 Manuscript Accepted : Feb 07 2020

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