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Masaya Shintani and Masaya Yasuoka
''Child Care Policy and Capital Mobility''
( 2021, Vol. 41 No.2 )
Earlier reports have described effects of child care policy on fertility and education investment in an endogenous fertility model. Nevertheless, these studies examine closed economies in which capital accumulation is achieved by saving or small open economies in which capital accumulation is not considered. We can regard a capital mobility model as another model for which capital accumulation in one country affects capital accumulation in another country. Our paper presents consideration of capital mobility and examines how child care policy in one country affects another country. Results show that child allowances and education subsidies positively or negatively affect human capital accumulation in the foreign country even if fertility and human capital accumulation can be raised in the country in which child care policies are provided.
Keywords: Capital Mobility, Child Allowance, Education Subsidy, Endogenous Fertility, Human Capital
JEL: J1 - Demographic Economics: General
E6 - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General
Manuscript Received : Jun 29 2020 Manuscript Accepted : Apr 09 2021

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