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Chimere Iheonu, Shedrach Agbutun and Chinedum Chiemela
''Human Rights in Sub Saharan Africa: Understanding the Influence Of Militarisation, Governance and Democracy''
( 2021, Vol. 41 No.3 )
This study examined the impact of militarisation, governance, and democracy on human rights in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) for the period 2002 to 2018. The study employed the instrumental variable Fixed Effects model to account for simultaneity/reverse causality, and country-specific unobservable heterogeneity as well as the instrumental variable quantile regression with Fixed Effects to account for existing levels of human rights in SSA. Based on the Fixed Effects results, it is revealed that militarisation significantly increases human rights violation in the region, while governance and democracy significantly improve human rights. Results from the quantile regression show that (1) the negative impact of militarisation on human rights is observable across all quantiles, (2) the positive impact of the control of corruption on human rights is more pronounced in countries where the existing level of human rights is high, while political stability and rule of law exerts stronger impact on human rights in countries where the existing level of human rights are lower, (3) the positive impact of democracy on human rights is stronger in countries where the existing level of human rights is high. Policy recommendations based on these findings are discussed.
Keywords: Militarisation, Governance, Democracy, Human Rights, Sub Saharan Africa
JEL: H1 - Structure and Scope of Government: General
C3 - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions
Manuscript Received : Sep 01 2020 Manuscript Accepted : Jul 18 2021

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