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Manuela CHETUE Komguep and Luc NDEFFO Nembot
''Why Do Employment Policies Fail to Reduce Unemployment in Sub-Saharan Africa? Looking towards the brain drain''
( 2021, Vol. 41 No.2 )
This paper aims to determine the effect of employment policies on unemployment in Sub-Saharan Africa, controlling for the brain drain. The Generalized Method Moment (GMM) is used to assess the direct and joint impact of employment policies and brain drain on unemployment, over the period from 1990 to 2010, on a sample of 17 Sub-Saharan (SSA) countries. The results show that, separately, employment policies and brain significantly contribute to reducing the level of unemployment with a more pronounced effect. Conversely, the study finds that the interaction between employment policies and the brain drain positively impacts the level of unemployment. Thus, policy-makers in SSA should consider reducing the brain drain so that employment policies can fully play their role in reducing unemployment.
Keywords: Unemployment, Employment policies, brain drain, GMM, SSA
JEL: J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor: General
J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies: General
Manuscript Received : Nov 25 2020 Manuscript Accepted : Apr 09 2021

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