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Kadandji André
 
''The Impact of competition on the social performance of microfinance institutions in Cameroon''
( 2022, Vol. 42 No.3 )
 
 
The objective of this article is to analyze the effect of competition on the social performance of microfinance institutions in Cameroon. In order to do so, we employ the Structure-Conduct-Performance paradigm. For the empirical analysis we use panel data for 19 microfinance institutions extracted from MIX MARKET database for the period 2002 to 2012. We used the institution-centered approach for social performance. The method of generalized estimating equations allowed us to test the robustness of our results. Our results show that the Lerner index is positively and significantly related to the degree of social significance at the 5% threshold. Thus, increasing competition reduces the degree of outreach. In view of these results, it is important to regularly audit the social performance of MFIs in a competitive context such as that of Cameroon. Furthermore, it appears that for the improvement of the social framework, special monitoring is needed for large MFIs.
 
 
Keywords: microfinance, competition, social performance, SCP paradigm, social reach
JEL: G2 - Financial Institutions and Services: General
M2 - Business Economics: General
 
Manuscript Received : Feb 04 2021 Manuscript Accepted : Sep 30 2022

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