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ralph lauren polo

Lourenco S. Paz
''How does import competition impact job type?''
( 2021, Vol. 41 No.3 )
This study investigates how the increase in the import competition experienced by the Brazilian economy during 2000–2012 impacted the type of jobs available in manufacturing. These effects are assessed using an unordered multinomial logit model and detailed household survey data that encompass formal, informal, and self-employed workers. The empirical results indicate that a higher import penetration from China reduces the likelihood of having an informal job relative to a formal job. And a larger import penetration from the rest of the world increases the likelihood of both informal and self-employment relative to formal employment. These estimates are robust to concerns of endogeneity of the import penetration measures through the use of a control function approach.
Keywords: Brazil, China, globalization, import penetration, informal employment, self-employment, trade openness
JEL: F1 - Trade: General
Manuscript Received : Jun 07 2021 Manuscript Accepted : Sep 18 2021

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