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Seunghun Chung
''The impact of the two child policy on China's fertility rate''
( 2022, Vol. 42 No.2 )
I investigate the impact of China's family policy reform on its birth rate. In 2016 the Chinese government relaxed its one-child policy into a two-children policy due concerns of a rapidly aging population, so all Chinese women were permitted to have two children from then onwards. Using the synthetic control method, I find that this reform increased the birth rate in 2016 and 2017 but declined back to previous levels after 2017. This implies that China's birth rate may not increase in the long run by mere relaxation of current anti-natalist family policy.
Keywords: Family policy, Fertility, China
JEL: J1 - Demographic Economics: General
Manuscript Received : Sep 06 2021 Manuscript Accepted : Jun 30 2022

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