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Ana Isabel Otero and Óscar Luis Alonso
''Spatial analysis of European employment policies at regional level.''
( 2022, Vol. 42 No.4 )
The employment policies implemented in Asturias, a NUTS II region of the EU, under the European Social Fund for the period 2007-2013, are analyzed under the approach of spatial econometrics. The use of micro-territorial data is adjusted to the needs of a territory with an administrative distribution adapted to a mountainous orography that requires considering the possible relationships of spatial dependence between its territorial units, thus allowing an accurate analysis of the impact on employment that considers the diversity, from the economic point of view, of its counties and municipalities. A spatial analysis, with cross-sectional data, determining the possible relationship between European Social Fund public investment and employment levels, considering the possible effects of spatial dependence between the different municipalities and the concentration of clusters in the different regions, seems to us to be the first step to be able to analyze the possible impact of some of the EU employment policies in their regions. The results do not seem to allow us to conclude that the investment made has led to an improvement in the variation of employment, highly conditioned by the variations of the population during the period in the reference municipalities.
Keywords: Spatial econometrics, spatial autocorrelation, spatial heterogeneity, switchings regressions, European social fund, impact analysis, European Union economic policy
JEL: O2 - Development Planning and Policy: General
C3 - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions
Manuscript Received : Jun 04 2022 Manuscript Accepted : Dec 30 2022

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