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Anirban Mukherjee and Soham Kumar Paul
''Workplace segregation and electoral success of right wing identity politics in India''
( 2023, Vol. 43 No.2 )
In this paper we examine the role of social segregation on the electoral success of the right wing, Hindu nationalist platform in Indian politics. Existing studies have looked at the effect of social segregation on Hindu-Muslim riots and their findings indicate both possibilities; while some studies found segregated societies are more riot prone, some other studies found the opposite. We, using a state level panel data, examine the effect of Hindu-Muslim segregation at the workplace on the vote share of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) -- the most important right- wing political party in India representing the Hindu-nationalist political platform. We find that workplace segregation in general is positively associated with BJP's vote share. But as the proportion of Muslim population increases in a state, the relationship gets reversed.
Keywords: social segregation, Hindu nationalism, identity, India
JEL: O1 - Economic Development: General
J1 - Demographic Economics: General
Manuscript Received : Nov 02 2022 Manuscript Accepted : Jun 30 2023

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