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Muhammad zaheer Khan, Rusmawati Said and Sadaf Amjad
 
''Relationship between labor force participation and unemployment in Pakistan''
( 2024, Vol. 44 No.1 )
 
 
This paper investigates the relationship between labor force participation and unemployment in Pakistan using the annual time series data for the period 1990-2021. Johansen's cointegration and Gregory and Hansen's cointegration tests determine the long-run relationship between unemployment and labor force participation rate for aggregate male and female workers. Both cointegration procedures confirm no long-run relationship between the variables. Therefore, the results confirm the unemployment invariance hypothesis for aggregate and male and female workers in Pakistan.
 
 
Keywords: Unemployment Invariance Hypothesis, Unemployment, Labor force participation, Time series, Cointegration
JEL: J1 - Demographic Economics: General
J4 - Particular Labor Markets: General
 
Manuscript Received : Nov 08 2022 Manuscript Accepted : Mar 30 2024

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