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Kauany de Souza, Fabiana Rocha and Pedro Forquesato
''The male breadwinner norm in Brazil''
( 2023, Vol. 43 No.4 )
In this paper we provide evidence of the male breadwinner norm, a cultural norm that establishes that "a man should earn more than his wife". First we show that there is a large discontinuity in the relative intra-household earnings distribution at the 50% threshold. Then we argue that the male breadwinner norm is responsible for it by empirically rejecting alternative explanations, such as marriage between co-workers or self-employed, misreporting, and assortative matching. We conclude that the social norm effectively is a main driver of the high gender inequality observed in the country.
Keywords: male breadwinner, household earnings, gender inequality.
JEL: D1 - Household Behavior: General
J7 - Labor Discrimination: General
Manuscript Received : May 12 2023 Manuscript Accepted : Dec 30 2023

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