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Ulrich Fritsche and Christian Pierdzioch
''Animal spirits, the stock market, and the unemployment rate: Some evidence for German data''
( 2017, Vol. 37 No.1 )
Models recently studied by Farmer (2012, 2013, 2015) predict that, due to labor-market frictions and 'animal spirits', stock-market fluctuations should Granger cause fluctuations of the unemployment rate. We performed several Granger-causality tests on more than half a century of German data to test this hypothesis. Our findings show that the stock market Granger causes unemployment in the short run and the long run when we control for a deterministic trend in the unemployment rate. Results of a frequency-domain test show that, in the short run, feedback cannot be rejected, whereas the causality clearly runs from the stock market to the unemployment rate in the medium to long run.
Keywords: Cointegration, Granger causality, frequency domain, animal spirits, stock market, unemployment rate
JEL: E2 - Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment: General (includes Measurement and Data)
E4 - Money and Interest Rates: General
Description of Supplemental Material:
Manuscript Received : Nov 18 2016 Manuscript Accepted : Jan 26 2017

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