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Jose L. Casco
''The effects of cash and in-kind transfers on intra-household inequality: Insights from a randomized experiment''
( 2023, Vol. 43 No.3 )
In this paper, I study how intra-household inequality responds to transfers to women and whether the response depends on the transfer being in-kind or cash. Using data from an experimental evaluation of a welfare program in Ecuador, I estimate a structural model of household behavior in the presence of poverty transfers. Results suggest that there are important intra-household inequalities, but the transfer produces resource redistribution among household members. Moreover, in-kind transfers could be as effective as cash transfers in improving the within-household redistribution of resources. Finally, I document considerable heterogeneity in women's control of resources—a proxy for bargaining power—throughout their life cycle and across transfer modalities.
Keywords: Resource Shares, Transfers, Control of Resources, Cash, In-Kind
JEL: D1 - Household Behavior: General
I3 - Welfare and Poverty: General
Description of Appendix:

Appendix with additional results.
Manuscript Received : Feb 22 2023 Manuscript Accepted : Sep 30 2023

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