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Hui Li and Mukti Upadhyay
''Has the 1996 Welfare Reform Reduced the U.S. Poverty Rate? An Empirical Analysis Using Panel Data''
( 2008, Vol. 9 No.2 )
This paper empirically analyzes the effects of welfare reform on US poverty by applying a two-stage estimation procedure with the random effects model using panel data from 1991 through 2003. Our results suggest that a rise in TANF or in unemployment rate raises poverty, whereas the welfare reform started in 1996 has not contributed significantly to poverty reduction.
JEL: I3 - Welfare and Poverty: General
I3 - Welfare and Poverty: General
Manuscript Received : Nov 02 2007 Manuscript Accepted : Feb 15 2008

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