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Dimitris Papageorgiou
''Fiscal policy, economic activity and welfare: the case of Greece''
( 2011, Vol. 31 No.3 )
This paper examines how changes in different fiscal (tax-spending) policy instruments affect economic activity and social welfare in the Greek economy. The setup is a neoclassical growth model augmented with a public sector. The government's spending instruments include public consumption, investment and lump-sum transfers; on the revenue side, labour, capital and consumption taxes are employed. The results suggest that changes in the tax rates on labour and capital income have quantitatively significant effects on key macroeconomic variables, as well as on social welfare. When financed by distorting taxes, increases in government consumption hurt both output and welfare. To the contrary, a rise in public investment, when financed by consumption or labour income taxes, can stimulate the economy and increase welfare in the long run.
Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Welfare
JEL: E6 - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General
O5 - Economywide Country Studies: General
Manuscript Received : Sep 06 2010 Manuscript Accepted : Sep 13 2011

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