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Joseph Siani
''Has poverty decreased in Cameroon between 2001 and 2007? An analysis based on multidimensional poverty measures.''
( 2013, Vol. 33 No.4 )
This paper uses the Alkire Foster methodology for multidimensional poverty measurement to analyze the evolution of multidimensional poverty for Cameroon for the period 2001-2007. This approach seeks to overcome the limitations of the income-based poverty measures by combining income with five other dimensions: education, health, electricity, water and sanitation. The identification step employs two forms of cutoff: for each dimension there is a cutoff which identifies individuals deprived in that specific dimension; across dimensions, a second cutoff gives the minimum number of dimensions that an individual must be deprived to be considered poor. For the aggregation step, the Alkire Foster methodology uses a dimension-adjusted Foster Greer and Thorbecke (FGT) measure. The results show that the reduction in income poverty which Cameroon experienced over the study period was accompanied by a significant increase in multidimensional poverty.
Keywords: Multidimensional poverty measurement, Capability approach, counting approach, robustness analysis, Cameroon.
JEL: I3 - Welfare and Poverty: General
O1 - Economic Development: General
Manuscript Received : Oct 23 2013 Manuscript Accepted : Dec 23 2013

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