All Rights Reserved
AccessEcon LLC 2006, 2008.
Powered by MinhViet JSC

Gargi Bhattacharya and Sushil Kr. Haldar
''Does demographic dividend yield economic dividend? India, a case study''
( 2015, Vol. 35 No.2 )
The share of working-age population changes during the process of demographic transition; the size of working age-population in India does vary across the major states over the decades, 1971-2011. Using panel data across fifteen major states for four time points, this paper examines the effects of different age cohorts of working age-population, mortality, fertility, life expectancy, investment in social sector comprising education and health and investment in physical capital (as proxy by credit deposit ratio ) on growth of income measured by per capita net state domestic product. Keeping in mind the problem of endogeneity between demographic outcome and economic growth, we have formulated different econometric models and the results support the effect of conventional growth predictors like investment in human capital, credit-deposit ratio along with shares of working age population between age 30-44 and 45-59. Population growth and fertility are not found significant predictors but life expectancy and infant mortality appear to have significant effect on growth of income. The growth of the share of working population adversely affects the growth of income which re-ignites the old debate whether India is capable or not to reap the benefits of demographic dividend.
Keywords: Demographic Transition, Demographic Dividend, Panel Data, Fertility, India
O4 - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General
Manuscript Received : Aug 20 2014 Manuscript Accepted : Jun 01 2015

  This abstract has been downloaded 1493 times                The Full PDF of this paper has been downloaded 154646 times