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Arshia Amiri and Mikael Linden
''Impact of child health on economic growth: New evidence based on Granger non-causality tests''
( 2016, Vol. 36 No.2 )
The paper examines the presence and the direction of causality between child health and economic growth for a sample of 175 countries from year 1990 to 2014. We use both panel data and single country approach to the Granger non-causality testing. Results show that the relationship between change of child mortality rate and GDP per capita (GDPc) growth runs in both directions, in addition to large number of cases being from child mortality to economic growth. We find evidence that the causal effects of GDPc on child health outcomes are more frequent in low- and lower-middle-income countries relative to high- and upper-middle-income countries. However, in contrast, the causal effect of child mortality on GDPc is more often found in non-low-income countries.
Keywords: child health; economic growth; Granger causality
JEL: I1 - Health: General
Manuscript Received : May 14 2015 Manuscript Accepted : Jun 11 2016

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