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Giuseppe De Arcangelis, Majlinda Joxhe and Stefania Borelli
''A preliminary assessment of the effects of migration on the production structure in Europe: A labor task approach''
( 2019, Vol. 39 No.1 )
We assess the effect of migration on the production structure in a selection of European countries for the pre-Great Recession period 2001-2009. We propose a labor-task approach where the inflow of migrants raises the relative supply of manual-physical (or simple) tasks and therefore favors simple-task intensive sectors. We use the US O*NET database in conjunction with European labor data to calculate the index of simple-task intensity at the industry and country level. The analysis confirms that a rise in employment migration rates has a generalized positive impact, but that value-added increases significantly more in sectors that use more intensively simple tasks. A traditional shift-share instrument is used to overcome possible endogeneity problems
Keywords: International Migration, Labor Tasks, ONET, Rybczynski Effect
JEL: F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business: General
J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor: General
Manuscript Received : Oct 29 2018 Manuscript Accepted : Feb 18 2019

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