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Louis de Berquin Eyike Mbongo
''ICT diffusion and employment in Africa''
( 2019, Vol. 39 No.1 )
The main aim of this study is to check the impact of the rapid diffusion of ICTs in Africa on the volume and structure of employment. First, to analyze the impact of ICT diffusion on the volume of employment, we estimate a dynamic panel model using the GMM method on a sample of 20 African countries over the period 1995-2015. In a second step, from a contextual redefinition of the hypothesis of skill-biased technological change, we empirically test the validity of this hypothesis for our panel. To do this, we also estimate a dynamic model by the estimators mentioned above. The results show that ICT diffusion is favorable to employment in general, and to youth employment in particular.
Keywords: ICTs, Employment
JEL: O3 - Technological Change; Research and Development: General
E2 - Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment: General (includes Measurement and Data)
Manuscript Received : Nov 13 2018 Manuscript Accepted : Mar 16 2019

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