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ralph lauren polo

Gabriel F De Oliveira and Nicolas Peridy
''The trade-reducing effects of market power in international ports''
( 2019, Vol. 39 No.4 )
This paper empirically investigates the impact of port competition on trade developments. The integration of port-competitive environment in an original gravity model shows that: (i) a one-standard-deviation rise in port concentration leads to a reduction in bilateral trade by at least 7%; (ii) the trade-creation effect from port competition is greater on the export side than on the import side; and (iii) the effect on trade is higher when port competition intensity is measured at regional or global levels (more than 300 km) rather than at a local level.
Keywords: Transportation services, international trade, market structure, port competition
JEL: F1 - Trade: General
L1 - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance: General
Manuscript Received : May 22 2019 Manuscript Accepted : Nov 24 2019

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