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Yawo A. Noglo and Namponndi Kader Ouedraogo
''Using Dagum's Gini decomposition to assess households' asset-based gap in the regions of Burkina Faso''
( 2020, Vol. 40 No.3 )
We consider the multidimensional wealth index constructed with a tetrachoric principal component analysis (PCA) to assess regional inequality in Burkina Faso using Dagum's Gini decomposition. The data used come from the 2014 Burkina Faso Malaria Indicator Survey (MIS). The results suggest that there are greater gaps (more heterogeneity) and less inequality (more homogeneity) in living standards between and within groups respectively. The decomposition of the total gross intergroup inequality shows that the most pronounced wealth gaps are between households in the urban Centre and those in the following rural regions: Sahel, Est, and Boucle de Mouhoun. These regional findings reflect particular conditions in these localities. The difficult living conditions inherent to these rural regions require effective policies to enable them to catch up with the urban Centre. However, the breakdown of the intragroup disparity showing evidence that the urban Centre and rural Est are more uneven should not be neglected in the political agenda.
Keywords: Dagum's Gini, regional inequality, composite wealth index, Burkina Faso
JEL: D6 - Welfare Economics: General
I3 - Welfare and Poverty: General
Manuscript Received : Feb 21 2020 Manuscript Accepted : Aug 19 2020

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