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Idil Atasu and Burcay Erus
''Cultural Differences and Measurement of Material Deprivation: EU-SILC questionnaire revision in Turkey''
( 2020, Vol. 40 No.2 )
Material deprivation rate, estimated since 2005 in Turkey, dropped sharply in 2013 following wording and content changes in the Survey. Changes aimed to achieve a better assessment of deprivation by taking into account cultural traits of the population regarding holidays and meat consumption. The paper investigates effect of the change in these questions on deprivation rates as well as its association with household characteristics using panel data for the years 2011 to 2014 from Turkey. Random effects logit estimations are performed to compare the deprivation rates before and after the change, and the household characteristics that these are associated with. We find that the new questions led to a significant drop in deprivation highly associated with the household size and number of children in both questions and relative income poverty only in meat consumption question. Larger households were less likely to be deprived and those with more children more likely. The connection of deprivation to relative income poverty became stronger.
Keywords: EU-SILC, material deprivation, Turkey, survey questionnaire, random effects logit
JEL: I3 - Welfare and Poverty: General
C8 - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs: General
Manuscript Received : May 17 2020 Manuscript Accepted : May 17 2020

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