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Raphael Corbi, Rafael Ferreira, Jaqueline Oliveira and Danilo Souza
''Female judges and in-group bias in labor courts''
( 2021, Vol. 41 No.3 )
Does judge gender influence the outcome of sentences in labor courts? We address this question using data on judges, defendants (firms), and plaintiffs (workers) from labor court cases of São Paulo state, Brazil, spanning from 2006 to 2015. Exploiting the random assignment of judges to cases, we document that female judges are more likely to rule in favor of companies than male judges, and that this gap is larger when the plaintiff is female.
Keywords: Gender bias, Judicial outcomes
JEL: J1 - Demographic Economics: General
K4 - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior: General
Manuscript Received : Dec 05 2020 Manuscript Accepted : Sep 16 2021

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