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Marco A. Jorge
''Short-term effects of marijuana legalization in Uruguay on homicides: an analysis using synthetic control''
( 2021, Vol. 41 No.3 )
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the short-term impacts of Uruguayan policy legalizing marijuana on homicides rate in that country, seeking to contribute to the literature by presenting the first results of this unique situation in the world. To do so, the paper employs the synthetic control methodology whose objective is to create a linear combination of the units of the donor pool, in this case the other countries of South America. The results show that Uruguay witnessed a resurgence in homicidal violence in 2018. It remains to be seen whether this is an occasional movement or a trend caused by the worsening dispute over the illegal drug market, made more restricted after the change in Uruguayan law.
Keywords: Marijuana Legalization, Homicides, Synthetic Control, Uruguay.
JEL: K4 - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior: General
C4 - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics
Manuscript Received : May 26 2021 Manuscript Accepted : Sep 18 2021

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