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Hélène Laurent, Marc Sangnier and Carole Treibich
''Traffic safety and norms of compliance with rules: An exploratory study''
( 2021, Vol. 41 No.4 )
We use a simple model of drivers' vigilance effort choice to show that drivers' propensity to follow traffic rules has two opposite effects on road safety. On the one hand, it lowers the frequency of dangerous situations. On the other hand, it also reduces drivers' vigilance effort as each driver anticipates that dangerous situations will be less frequent. These two opposite effects may lead to a non-monotonic relationship between compliance with road rules and the incidence of road traffic accidents. We present cross-country estimates that support the existence of a bell-shaped relationship between norms of compliance with rules and traffic fatalities.
Keywords: Road safety, compliance with rules, social capital
JEL: R4 - Transportation Systems: General
Z1 - Cultural Economics; Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology: General
Manuscript Received : Jun 24 2021 Manuscript Accepted : Dec 29 2021

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