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Elizabeth Knowlton, Goran Skosples and Robert J. Gitter
''Is anybody home? remote working opportunities and employment during the covid-19 crisis''
( 2022, Vol. 42 No.2 )
The article examines how the ability to work from home has impacted the level of employment across Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) in the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic. We use the share of jobs that can be performed at home and the ability of workers to work from home as measured by internet availability to show that both had a statistically significant impact on the level of employment. We control for the effect of the CARES Act and find that larger unemployment benefits reduced employment. Our estimations also indicate that as the share of essential workers decreased and the lagged number of COVID-19 cases increased, levels of employment increased. Restrictions in the form of stay-at-home orders, however, reduced employment.
Keywords: COVID-19; employment; work from home; CARES Act
JEL: J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor: General
J1 - Demographic Economics: General
Manuscript Received : Jul 02 2021 Manuscript Accepted : Jun 30 2022

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