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Brahim Gaies
 
''Financial openness and CSR: Banks in Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain''
( 2023, Vol. 43 No.1 )
 
 
Since the global financial crisis of 2008, the practices of the European banking sector have come under public scrutiny. Considered as a source of external shocks, the opening of European banking markets is particularly questioned. Following this trend, this article aims to provide an original study by examining the effect of banking sector openness on the CSR of banks. It focuses on the case of Southern European banks, which are the most vulnerable in the European system. The study highlights a significant effect of banking sector openness on banks' social performance. However, the financial performance of banks moderates this effect.
 
 
Keywords: Corporate social responsibility, banking resilience, financial globalization, international knowledge transfer, financial instability
JEL: G3 - Corporate Finance and Governance: General
F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business: General
 
Manuscript Received : Mar 23 2022 Manuscript Accepted : Mar 30 2023

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